Home Inspection Terms – Glossary – Eaves to Exterior Wall


Eaves are the horizontal, lower edge of a roof which projects beyond the building wall.

Eaves Closure:   That component of a tile roofing system which is used to seal the openings along the eaves of a structure under the first layer of tile. Also called closure tile.

Eaves Flashing:   Additional layer of roofing material applied at the eaves to help prevent damage from water back-up.

Edging Strips:   Boards nailed along eaves and rakes after cutting back existing wood shingles to provide secure edges for reroofing with asphalt shingles.

Efflorescence:   A white powdery substance appearing on masonry wall surfaces. It is composed of soluble salts which have been brought to the surface by water or moisture movement.

Egress:   A way out, an exit or outlet.

Electrical Breaker:   An electrical safety device used to prevent circuit overload.  Breakers, if tripped, can be reset.

Electrical Heating:  Any of several methods that convert electrical energy into usable heat.

Electrical Outlet:   A point on the wiring system where current can be taken to activate equipment.

Elevation:   A geometric projection of a vertical plane perpendicular to the horizon, e.g., of the external upright parts of a building from front, side or rear view.

Elevator:   A raising and lowering mechanism that moves on tracks up and down a shaft between the floors of a building and is equipped with a car or platform to transport passengers and freight.

Ell:   An extension of building at right angles to its length.

Embedment:   Embedded:  Set firmly into a surround mass.

Equivalent:   Having an equal value, amount or force.

Escutcheon:   Decorative metal piece that fits over or around a pipe protruding from a wall, or over a faucet body, or around a lockset on the face of a door.

Estimated:  Roughly, broadly from experience, not from calculations. Not to be taken as exact.

Etching:   Marks on a marcite of a swimming pool either thumbnail or Sarasota.

Excellent:   New or in exceptional condition given its age and function, showing negligible or no sign of wear and/or usage.

Exposed Nail Method:   Application of roll roofing in which all nails are driven into cemented, overlapping course of roofing. Nails are exposed to the weather.

Exposure:   That portion of the roofing exposed to the weather after installation.

Extension Cord Wiring:   Electrical cord designed for temporary use installed as a permanent electrical wire.

Exterior Finish:   The outside finish of a structure that includes roof and wall covering, gutters and or window frames; any protective outer cover.

Exterior Fixture:   An outside item, e.g., areaway, canopy, marquee, platform, loading dock, that is permanently attached to and part of the building structure.

Exterior Grade Plywood:   Type of plywood approved by the American Plywood Association for exterior use.

Exterior Surface Drain:   A covered catchment basin located in the driveway, lawn or patio to carry away surface water.

Exterior Wall:  

An exterior wall is an outer wall, except a common wall that serves as a vertical enclosure of a building.